Did you ever want to become a digital photographer, yet didn’t know where to start. The start is becoming familiar with cameras, computers, digital imaging, and software programs for editing. Cameras are either your best friends or your worst enemies. Digital cameras have many functions that perform various actions, yet it takes you to learn what each function conducts before you can snap quality photos. If you are going in the photography business, you will also need to know what is required to make a productive network.
At one time, digital cameras were too costly to mention, but nowadays you can buy a camera that will make your hair stand up for less cost. The downside is the cheaper range of the camera than the expensive one, the lower the resolution of images. You probably won’t get features that will enhance your photography experience. Features such as LCD monitoring is a very nice commodity since you can view the snaps taken immediately after you shoot the picture. This will give you an idea, whether you want to use the picture or snap another.
The resolution is essential since if you want high quality, large pictures you will need a higher resolution. The low-resolution cameras will only produce pictures in small sizes. You might get lucky to snap a picture the size of 3 by 2 inches respectively. To snap a larger photo, you will need at least medium resolution.
You will also need to become friends with peripheral hardware’s, which includes software programs affiliation. You will also need sufficient Random Access Memory (RAM) and hard drive space on your computer to store your pictures, print, edit, or view the pictures, etc. The processing speed is also important which should measure at least 32 Megabytes (MB) or Random Access Memory. If you can get a higher processor the entire better for your photos and tasking duties: You will also need a load of room on your hard drive to perform all digital actions.
Now that, you have a camera, computer, software and the like, you will also need a quality coloured printer. Now, you can purchase a cheapie if you plan to take a few photos per week, however, if you are moving into the photography business, then you will need a quality printer that will cost a few hundred bucks at most. You will need to invest in the quality paper for printing, as well.
Now we can consider software. You will need an image-editing program that provides transferring tools, storage mediums, editing features, and the like. Most photographers these days use Adobe or other high-quality programs. If you are going into real photography networking, then you will need memory cards, PC cards, Compact Flashes, Smart Media, Card Readers, Adaptors, Floppy Drive, Zip Discs, or other storage mediums, image-edit software, camera accessories and so forth. Some of the camera accessories include tripods, lenses, lights, case, and the like. Don’t forget the dark room. Once you have all the equipment ready to start for your digital photography business, you will also need to understand the pixels, bit depth, resolution, f-stops, processing, and the like.
Digital cameras are designed to give out quality photos, yet the images are similar to the traditional cams, which comprise functioning off lights, chemicals, image, lens, and the like. The only difference with traditional versus digital is that image arrays replace the films. Still, other differences linger, yet we are discussing digitally. Two of the well- known cameras today, which generally perform the same functions, are the cams that work on chips, i.e. the Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) and the Charge-coupled Device (CCD). Now you can get out your checklist to see what you will need on your journey to digital photography.
The Types of Digital Photographers
There is a variety of photographers’ careers to select. You can become a fine arts photographer, close-up, architectural, fashion, sport, documentary, action, still life, night photographer, web photographer, and so forth. It is all up to you, however, whichever career you choose. You should be aware of what is expected of you. So let’s make a list of photographers and see what each of these guys too in their careers.
Child photographer Children photography is one of the most difficult subjects for all the obvious reasons. Children may not be in the mood for what you want to capture. If you are going in this career, you will need loads of patience and a will to get pass frustration. Still, if you are considering child photography as a career understand that some of the best photos are taken of puppies, babies, kittens, and so on. You want to take many pictures of these subjects, and sometimes capture a scene with the parent and child together. As for newborns, you should try to snapshots of babies six months and up. You need to be on your toes at all times and ready to shoot now, since at the wrong time, the expressions, could change.
Landscape photographers are one of the most interesting subjects to capture since you will always have a unique image to capture. Landscape photographers travel frequently, therefore, get accustomed to the roads and great outdoors. You will need to make sure you have all your accessories while travelling, including tripod, spare battery, filters, lenses, remote release, cameras and the like. Landscape photographers focus on landscape, however, they compose pictures by considering composition, foreground, weather, filters, warm-ups, Polarizer, timeframe, exposure, impartial density, and so on. If you are off to winter photography, you will need a coat, hat, gloves, and so on obviously. Winter photographers like landscape photographers travel to different areas to capture scenes. If you are shooting snow pictures in the landscape winter photography, then your camera should have an automatic setting prepared. You should also have additional settings for weather, meter, and spot meter ready.
Water photographers differ. Some will take shots of water as a landscape setting, while others will dive to capture the underground world. If you are considering water imaging, then prepare to buy a camera that is, waterproof. You will need to learn freezing skills, close-up, landscape feels, and know your speeds to shutter.
Action photographers have one of the hardest careers since it is often difficult to capture a scene in action. The camera has to be controlled much differently than standard photographing. You will need to understand timing, speeds of the shutter, techniques of speed and action, panning, freeze actions, range, and so forth. You will also need equipment that works for action shots.
Still, life photographers require keenness, since the photos differ from other types of shots. You might take shots of flowers in a store, instruments, fruit baskets, parts of a vehicle, and so on. Most of the images are monochrome and in colour. In this event, you want to consider macro lens for shots, since it seems to work best.
Fine arts photographers capture scenes of creativity. You have to have a nap for art and creativity to capture a fine art scene. You will need style, darkrooms, black & white prints, mood feel, atmosphere feel, colour, and so on.
Documentary photography is one of my favourites, yet you need to be highly vigilant of life’s situations to be in this field of expertise. If you don’t know what’s going on in your neighbourhood, likely this job isn’t for you.
- What do documentary photographers capture?
- How do they decide at what time to record documentary?
- What types of equipment do these photographers employ?
- What is a documentary photographer’s purpose in digital imaging?
If you ever considered documentary photography, you probably already know the meaning of it after watching scores of documentary programs.
Documentary photography requires discipline. You must also have organizing skills since you will be keeping a photojournalism. If you like, colourful pictures change your attitude now, since most documentary photographers deal with the white and black picture. After all, black and white was the originality of photography before digital imaging came into focus. The primary focal point for digital photographers in the documentary is capturing a single picture that leads to a series of events. Documentaries may study activities at a local chain store for a length of time and capture their every move before finalizing the project. Some documentaries will study houses, while others will study their own life. This brings in theme, which is the starting point of documentary photography.
Through monochrome captures, the documentary photographers will bring out the point, thru theme, plot, characters, scene, and so on. With passion, all the way through the project from starting to finish the story, a documentary photographer is ultimately writing a book in picture format. Digital photography documentary photographers must have high degrees of discipline, patience, and high levels of observation. These photographers take great effort in their career while showing strong people skills throughout the process. You will also need a feel of order since the documentary should deliver a start, middle and finish punch line in sequence. Equipment:
Most documentary since they are on the rush will use the camera LEICA, which is a rangefinder. You will need a wide-angle lens since most shots are at a distance. Your lens setting should remain at 16 feet (5m), and the aperture set at f/8-11. As for shutter speed, you can use 400 ISO Films to maintain the speed level. Overall, you will need keenness, patient, long-suffering, sense of humour and the like to become a documentary photographer. The sense of humour will come in as you observe people over a string of time and capture their every move. Somewhere in between someone is going to amaze you, impress you, and astonish you, and so on. You will also need discipline since many documentary photographers photograph through for years incidents and accidents. For example, some documentaries may study serial killers and document their every move.
Other documentary photographers will photograph bombings, shipwrecks, celebrities, and so on. As you see, you have a wide-range of selected themes. The beginning focus is to choose a theme and stick with while accumulating a fitting plot and scene. You will need characters, which similar to book writing should match the theme. For example, if you were documenting a group of people you wouldn’t want to jump off the subject to capture a different group of people.
Documentary photographers know when the time is right to capture a scene through feel, record, and experience. The ultimate purpose is to accumulate a working story that will attract the readers or viewers. You will also need a few writing skills to subtitle, title, and provide summaries and the like for your documentary. While pictures say it all, attractions such as words could say more. Architectural photographers focus on building’s exterior attractions as well as their interior attractions. Architecture photographers can take a worn out building and dress it up in a picture, which will not only tell a story but also impress the viewers. In other words, it doesn’t matter what type of building they are considering, since they see something in the picture you may not see at the moment.
Architectures will take one object in the scene and combine it with two or more to make a point. These photographers will combine colour and shape to point out an interest in buildings. Architecture photographers will understand that what appeals stick out in the daylight hours, may not stick out at night hours and vice versa. Architecture photographers can bring outwards in and inwards out by using the camera skillfully and applying the appropriate lens. These photographers are aware that particular filters can enhance image captures. For example, warm up filters can augment the way a building appears in a picture by making the bricks appear softer.
These camera operators consider the daylight and night hours and are aware as to how a building or scene may look at each event. The light determines the shot, which an architecture photographer will know which time is best during daylight hours to snap a shot that won’t affect shade, warmth, length, and direction. At that time, a building comes into views and seems to fall in a backward direction, it is known as converging vertically. To capture this moment architecture will angle their camera in an upward direction in an effort to make the building appear as though they are staring down at the viewer.
The interior of the buildings may require filters to control lighting, otherwise, if you are using a digital camera you will need to balance the white mode. Since buildings have superficial lighting you want to become acquainted with light control. The light affects the camera either negatively or positively. The details comprise an outlook of a specific area. Not every picture snapped by architecture will illustrate an entire building. For instance, the building may have a special point about it, which will attract the camera operator, who in turn will capture the moment.
Likewise, architecture who wants to snapshots of a bridge may want to wait until the dark hours. During the daylight hours, the photographer knows after studying features of the bridge that it is merely grey in colour and really offers less than what it could offer at night hours. At night, the photographer visits the area and prepares to take a shot of a daylight grey bridge, which is now colourfully green with brilliant lights glaring off the waters. The sky is no longer blue with white clouds setting off the background, now the sky is purplish/yellow with white highlights.
Imagine a dull, grey, bridge with blue water and blue skies with white clouds in the background. This is almost dull in contrast. Now picture the same area whereas you have a greenlit bridge, orange boundaries from the night sky, with purplish/yellow colours at the boundary area, yellow dancing off an area of the water, purplish coloured waters and a dark area under the bridge. What an amazing difference in the same area shot.
Understanding the Resolution
One of the most important elements of digital photography is to understand the resolution. If you don’t understand, the resolutions you may only come up with wallet size pictures each time you snap a shot. Camera snapping low-resolution shots will only deliver you confusion, especially if you try to enlarge the photo. A high or medium resolution camera, on the other hand, if the pixels are properly adjusted will give you a high-quality photo for publishing and/or editing.
Accordingly, the resolution will also determine the quality of images taken from your camera. Digital imaging works like thousands of dots dabbled on a surface. Digital images comprise small itsy bitsy pixels in the shape of squares and in the arena of colours. The pixels are measured in inches. The pixels are also known as an element picture or picture element. Once the pixels all come together, you can actually see what the photo offers. If you enlarge a low-resolution picture, the blurring will shock your eyes.
When you try to enlarge the photo with a low resolution, the smaller size of the picture, the pixels become mixed up. For example, if you ever went on a computer and enlarged a low-resolution picture you know that the pictures were taken on a low-resolution camera because the picture becomes blurred. If you have employed a medium or high- resolution camera the picture would be larger than a wallet size picture, or 4 by a 6-inch picture and you wouldn’t need to enlarge the photo. Yet, you could edit, crop or do whatever you like in your photo-editing gallery with ease.
PPI is the number of pixels per inches that must match the resolution. If you have more pixels per inch at what time you are snapping a picture, the resolution will produce a brighter, colourful picture. For example, if the pixels estimate a resolution of 300 x 150 x 75, you will have a quality picture in front of you to edit. On the other hand, if the pixels are low and the resolution is low, your pictures if enlarged will appear in the photos. That is the pixels will become evident.
Thus, if you are printing your pictures onto paper from a printer, the most pixels that will give you a quality picture is around 300 pixels per inch. You will also need to set your resolutions in your printer to achieve high-quality photos. Resolutions and pixels go higher in number, however, if you want the best possible pictures, stick with this number of pixels per inch, otherwise prepare to undergo problems. Otherwise, the higher the pixel the less likely you will get quality.
If you are putting pictures on a Web Page, bear in mind that the pixels must be low resolution, because anything higher will jam the visitors’ progress. In other words, the higher the pixel the more time it will take to upload or download the web page. What a pain it is? The standard web page images are around 72 or else 96 pixels per inch. Keep it low and your visitors are good to go!
Note: You can change pixel size in the editing software programs. However, the down sampling and up sampling process must work properly and respectively; otherwise, you can damage the photos by deleting too much information or else by degrading your photos. Upsampling will add pixels while downsampling will delete pixels. The key is up sampling at a low percentage and down sampling at a low percentage also for the best effects.
Many peoples want to become photographers, since it offers them a chance to travel, experience, adventure, and so on, yet many of these people fail to see that photography is more than pointing a camera in the direction of the subject and taking the photo.
Photography, without doubt, is one of the most challenging, fun, and exciting careers on the market. Photographers’ journey through life capturing what many people will miss in a lifetime. After gathering all the equipment, you might as well forget digital photography if you don’t have all the right tools that including a filtering system. Some of the most horrific photos were taken from low-resolution cameras, low pixel per inch, no filters, and the like.
Filtering systems is what photographers employ to transform photos. The screw-in filters and slot-filters are the most commonly thought out filters on the market. The screw-in filtering systems attach to the camera’s lens, which helps the camera to focus or transfer a photo. The screw-in lens filter is not ideal for photographers that employ a large number of lenses for projects. You will need an adjustable lens to handle tasks that include multi-lens usage.
The slot-in filtering system is ideal for photographers employing a number of lenses to handle photography demands. You want to be careful, since these filters enable you to ring or adapt the filters to the lens, meaning you can lap one filter over the other. However, it will blacken the photos if the overlapping filters are spotted by the lens. Therefore, learn and know what you are doing before venturing off into filtering systems.
The slot-in comes in a wide variety, which includes size. The small filtering systems often work with a camera or lens around 35mm. You can use the larger filters to work with cameras of medium or large size. The screw-in lens generally customizes to fit nearly any size lens, while the warm-up EMMA filters are ideal for toning the skin within the pictures. If you ever saw a picture where the persons face is peek or bright red around the cheeks, chin and nose area, it isn’t from a sunburn. You can use the smaller filters with wide-angle lenses. However, this option has a limit. The filters start out at 35mm and reach up pass 100mm.
The filter systems also provide you with the option of using “step-up and step-down rings” to support the filters. The rings enable you to adjust the filtering threads easily. If you are snapping photos as a professional, you are aware that the rings and filters can do wonders for your photos. One of the photography used a filter while another one did not, and the results of the first shots came out good, while the filtered shot did not. The reason is the photographer probably employed the wrong filter. The first camera shooter probably had resolution intact, lighting in focus, and the pixel in inches set properly. Thus, knowing what to purchase for the job makes all the difference in the world. If you are not a professional you probably want to go for the 100mm filter systems, otherwise consider the 67mm if you can afford the systems. To learn more about filter system we encourage you to read up on photography filter systems for cameras and lenses.
Exposure to Demand
Back in the day when cameras were easy to use, all you had to worry about was black and white colours, since this is basically all the cameras had to offer. Now you have more colours than you bargained for, so what do you do to get the exposure you desire?
Exposure is the process of delivering top quality photos. Underexposure is the process of getting a picture you didn’t want in the first place. Sometimes it will occur that the photos come out of the camera with blotches, red-eye, dark, and the like. Most times the tone of pictures taken from a camera is at a scale of eighteen percent grey. With this in mind, you want to consider exposure more deeply, since not all sceneries give off a colour that may work with your camera’s mode.
Background Disturbances Let’s consider backgrounds for a moment. Per see you are taking a picture of a child, yet in the background, the scenery is dark, or black. What are you to do when that camera pictures the background as a grey area, rather than the colour you intended? The trick is to get the camera to recognize the colour by shooting at a specific angle or adding grey to the scene, getting a snapper of the tainted grey picture so the camera is confused. Otherwise, you can use programs that will take care of the problem of exposure. Some of the software programs, such as PhotoShop will take care of many exposure problems, by cropping, blurs and so on. The programs are your best bet if you are starting out in photography until you get the hang of camera functions, locks, and the like.
Few photographers recommend if you are dealing with scenery, such as black backgrounds or white backgrounds that you place a grey material in front of the scene, which activates a meter light that will recognize the background. Again, this is a point of confusing the camera so that it recognizes what it is targeted in full light. One thing you need to know about cameras that will make all the difference in the world with understanding exposure. Not only do the cameras see grey, they also see the colours be in blue, red, and green. Similar to the eyes of humans they have sort of receptors that contrast the pictures into various colours. Therefore, if you angle the camera in one area of the scene, it will produce a white tone, while if you take the camera off the scene then you get a darker image. If the camera is moving in a few directions, it will distract the grey percentage and produce multi-colours. The downside is not all cameras, specifically, some of the digitals work on three base colours. You would have to consider RGB and CMYK to understand these alterations. The values of the colours still change based on the background and what the meter perceives in the light.
TIP OF THE DAY The prime deal is to purchase the grey cards, which this valuable accessory will almost every time you snap, will produce a quality picture. Learn more about the AE-Locks and grey cards so that you will have a better feel of camera manipulation. Landscape Shots If you are taking shots of landscapes, it is recommended that you point the camera away from the sky. During some shots, you will need to use the AE- locks to get the best results. Still, you want to get something grey in front of the camera so that it recognizes what it is to do.