In the world of photography, you consider composition, focal point, foreground, background, plants, frames, thirds, lines, perspective, scale, and so forth. The focal point is the objective of the game in a way, yet the composition is the target. I used the terms plot because those less familiar with digital imaging might find it easier to relate.
Anyway, all their terms sound nuts if you don’t understand photography; however, the focal point is a natural attraction to the eye, while the composition is the plot. Let’s break this down. Okay, you are writing a book on the subject photography. You know the main composition is surrounding photography; however, you must capture cameras, film, and printers etc. in the body to make someone understand what you are seeing and how it works. Likewise, if you are snapping pictures you will need the main attraction, which will lead the eyes to a foreground, background, focal point, and so forth. You need something to hit home in this picture in other words. Yet, while the eye is hitting home, it also wants a feel of the surroundings so that it can see where the picture is leading. What does it mean? What did you see in this picture that I am missing?
For example, I am taking a shot of a barn off in the distance and in its surrounding, there is a field of yellow flowers of some sort and green grass beneath it. The foreground (flowers) leads me up to the caption that I had targeted, which makes a person wonder why someone would want a picture of the likes. The imagination starts to explore. In this picture, I used the rule of the thirds while adding a foreground to the scene.
In the depth of field, I snap a shot of a clear blue sky with sorted clouds dancing in the air. A distant hill captures the sky bringing it down to the earth’s surface, which we know is not real. The foreground takes the front leading you to a boulder half buried in the ground with more boulders spread out in a field of yellow with shades of green grass. In this scene, I would use a lens that focuses on the length the lens will extend, the distance focus, and the aperture option. Since this is a landscape photo, I would use an aperture size of small to reach an effect.
If you are taking photos of landscape, the wide-angle lenses are the best choice. The lens will provide a depth deeper than other model lenses. A f/22 depth is ideal if you are snapping pictures at a distance. It makes a big difference how you use a camera as to how the film or photo will turn out. If you are starting out in photography, your best bet is becoming acquainted with the terms photographers use, including their definitions. While there are software programs for editing available, if you get the feel of the camera and use it wisely, you will spend less time in front of a computer and more time in the field snapping those shots. However, the one thing I already knew is that your eyes and instincts will guide you better than anyone or any device. If you are working toward professional never, let anyone defy you of your natural instincts and eye, which will only guide you in a wrong direction. Keep it real and go with what you feel!
Knowing About the Cameras
Cameras are one of the most valuable tools in photography obviously. If you do not have, cameras get out of the photography business because you are heading nowhere. If you are not familiar with cameras and the types available, then we can help you learn while you grow in the digital photo business.
Brief Camera History
The first cameras available were the old black and white plates. Later other cameras came did not measure up to the following cams, which was known as the Box Brownie. The 35mm cams came available after the Brownie, and then finally someone designed a cam that offered us colour. You would think that it would stop here, however digital had to get in on the scene and design its own model, which lead us to digital photography.
AF SLR Model 35mm Camera
Some of the cameras today can nearly take a picture closest to perfect than any other camera employed. In fact, I am wondering if a cam isn’t available, that doesn’t take the place of developers.
The AF SLR is one of the series of AF SLR cameras on the market. The 35mm camera series is one of the most selected items employed by photographers, however, the Digital SLR AF series is the second runner-up. In fact, the AF Digital SLR is a hot looking item that would pick anyone’s interest, especially if you are fascinated with the photography industry. Some of the features on this series include the Main Control Dial, Control Buttons, White Balance, Card Slot, LCD Info Panel, LCD Monitor, Interface, Review Tools, and the like.
The cam is an automatic focus device with a single reflex lens. Or at least some are. The SLR types are one of the choice cameras that professionals will employ since this device works wonders with program applications. Some of the features include the lens obviously, custom functions, shutter button, LCD panel, film transport, exposure mode dial, Hot-Shoe, and the like.
The Lens on this 35mm camera is a zoom-in lens. It is important that you read up on the lens types used for this camera since it makes a big difference, especially if you are considering buying for usage.
This is commonly found on many devices, including this camera. The functions enable you to adjust to your own preference.
The shutter on this camera is not a one-way ride, rather you can press completely down on the shutter and it will sound off, while if you hold it centre down it will initiate the automatic focus, and while activating the meter.
You will need to read up on flashguns to understand that hot-shoe; however, the hot- shoe is sort of a connector where a flashgun can connect to the cam making it easier to manoeuvre the shutter button.
This is a centre point. LCD is the definition of Liquid Crystal Display. This little window will inform you as to what is going on inside the little box that produces pictures.
Exposure Mode Dials
You can use this for mode alterations or conduct other functions as you choose. Read the manual to learn more about what this function offers to you. The tool is like a wheel and/or dial button, where you can rotate in one direction or the other.
Film Transport Selector
This is more of a timer, which you can snap multiple pictures at a single time, or one picture at a given time. These cameras also may include viewfinders, input dials, AF assist beams, Dioptre connection, an integral flash, depot of field preview, auto-focus point selectors, and so forth. The viewfinders are nice since it enables you to kind of zoom in on the picture to achieve accuracy. The input dials will help you to control your shutters speed levels, while the flash integrals is an incorporated flashbulb more or less.
This camera is so appealing that it would make me take my eyes off Tom Select in a New York second. The main control dialers provide you to set modes similar to a 35mm model. You can employ the White Balance to make adjustments, dropping or increasing the temperature of colours. The Control Buttons give you the control you need over the camera by enabling you to use a single or dual control.
You can employ the Card Slots to store your images. This machine also has WI-FI capabilities, which enables you to transfer photos at higher speeds. The LCD is a Liquid Crystal Displaying window. You can learn more about file formatting and balance by analysing this window. The Liquid Crystal Displaying Window (LCD) monitor enables you to adjust formats of files, modes of flash, delete photos, and review the photos while protecting them on a memory slot card.
Interfaces are either FireWire cables or USB cables that connect your camera to a working computer in order to upload files to your hard drive for editing. The Review tools enable you to zoom in on the photos taken, or else view them in thumbnail files, which makes it convenient for you to edit your photos at what time editing occurs. Some of the models of the SLR styles include the 35mm cameras, digital, and the 4/3rds system cameras. It is recommended that the LCD’s be used minimally since it will drain the power of your battery.
The camera mentioned in this chapter is one of the nicer cameras for photography, however, photographers seem to prefer the 35mm overall other models. The camera digital series has mirrors built-in to its system, as well as a body frame, shutter blind, Pentaprism, power source, DX-coding, and the like.
Many of the SLR models have viewfinders, rear dials, eye-start systems and more. It depends on the model, therefore if you are on the hunt for a camera be sure to read up on all the models to make sure you are getting what you want. This particular model appears to be more for professional photographers; however, amateurs could probably put to good use while working their way into professionalism. Some of the ordinary features that enhance these models of cameras are the White Balance commands, screen focuses, ad meter sensors. The meter sensors monitor the light so to speak, which is highly important, since if the light is off balance the pictures likewise will be off balance too.
Other models of cameras include the Film Compacts, Spy Cams, Webcams, Single- user cams, Luxury Compacts, digital compacts, and so forth. Some of these cameras are more for those that enjoying snapping pictures without intents of publishing or using for promotional purposes. You can check out some of the more sophisticated cameras over the Internet or at a local camera store. Some cameras again offer more than others and it depends on what you are searching to accomplish as to what type of camera will suit your needs. Anyway, I bought this style of the camera out, since this is what experts in photography generally choose to work their projects. There are different styles, however, so be sure to check them all out.
What Are Film Compact Cameras?
Some of the most used cameras on the market by photographers are the 35mm SLR models. However before digital photography became a hot item, photographers all around employed the film compact models. One of the most used compact film cameras was also the 35mm models. The cameras make it easy to aim at the target and flash the camera. These models were designed by some of the leading names, including Nikon, Rollei, and so forth. Some of the features include Exposure and Focus Sensors, Built-in Flash, Zoom Lens, Viewfinders, Lens Cover, and the like.
These cameras are ideal for low budget photographers, yet many will get the job done. Besides with all the image-manipulating programs on the market, even if the camera didn’t do the intended job you can get help fast. Some of the known compact film cameras are the aim and shoot series, which include prestigious banding along with delivery high-quality photos. The zoom and fixed lens compacts are some of the well-known brands that fit a variety of photography budgets.
As for the features, the exposure and focus sensors enable you to control light, which enables the camera to focus at a distance while considering a subject with the proper light control. The built-in flashes are ideal for changing modes if the lighting is off since it works to reduce red-eye by filling in the contrast, brightness and colours. The viewfinders on the compacts are different with some cameras than the SLR series. For the most part, it helps control images, yet you cannot view the files as you could on some of the modern digital cameras before uploading to a computer. This is a real disadvantage because you have to load the pictures on a computer to see if you want to keep them or not.
Lens covers generally are sliders that protect the lens while the camera is not in use. At what time you open the cover exposing the lens some film compacts will mechanically initiate the camera, readying it for usage. The zoom lens is handy since you can zoom in on the target. If you ever employed the zoom features in available software programs, you are aware that different levels of zooming in are available. This does not always apply to cameras, since you may have only one or two zooming levels.
Function buttons available on some compacts enable you to fire shutters for picture taking, or else ready the focus and exposure features. Shutter buttons are obvious, i.e. these buttons activate the cam readying it to shoot. It has a couple different functions, depending on the camera model.
Zoom Rockers are incorporated into some of the compact cameras. This function changes the lens focal. You can change to wide-angle or else set it at a single angle. The sky is the limit with some of these cameras available today. Few of the 35mm compacts have film already inside the cameras. You can purchase these models of cameras for around $2.99 and up. Once you snap the complete roll of film the camera is of no use. Therefore, if you are using one of these cameras find the cheapest versions possible. What’s nice is some of these cameras enable you to go deep sea exploring without ruining the film or camera.
The luxury film compacts are small, yet tall. The cameras have a built-in lens and you can easily place these cameras in your shirt pocket. The camera often has a wide- angled lens attached. Spy cams produce a smaller film. These cameras are optional if you want discreet photo shooting without getting caught.
Camera and Studio Accessories
Once you have it all together, and your equipment is in place you will need photographer accessories to take care of your equipment. Its part of the career as being a photographer that you take care of the costly equipment you have purchased.
Some of the accessories available today include the sync lead, backgrounds, camera storage, gadget bags, photo rucksacks, converters, lens hood, pouches, zoom seters, hard cases, protective case, masks, cabelite, and so forth. Some of the gadgets work to help you along in the processing of photos, while others work to protect your goodies.
It depends on the camera purchased; however, some require the assistance of a reversed-polarity lead. The synchronising leads are what will connect the camera to the flash heads.
Backgrounds are paper or fabric that stand up in an area of the studio and is used as an area to shoot photos. Most photographers will use either black or white background in paper form, while they will use a variety of fabric colours. If you are going to shoot photos, these backgrounds will come in handy as an offset scene so to speak. If you ever have seen pictures taken at Sears you are aware that the camera operator will put backgrounds up that conform to the personality in the photo. For example, they may put up a spiderman background for a young boy, while they may put up a streaming river for a couple.
The camera storage is carrying cases where a cam is stored while resting for the next photo. You will need one of these cases to carry your camera along trips or store it while resting after work is completed. This is important because cameras cost a fortune and the last thing you want is a damaged device.
Gadget bags are a shoulder strapped bag that enables you to carry your camera and accessories along with your journey in photography. The bag comes in a variety of sizes and few colours and is a handy tote. The downside if you overstuff the gadget, it will put a load of weight on your shoulders.
Cabelite is ideal for photographers still motion. Rather, if you take pictures of dinner plates and the like, then you would definitely want one of these gadgets. This thingy will work to remove reflections out of your way.
Hard cases are ideal for when you are travelling abroad. You can carry your camera in the case without having the inconvenience of a weighty bag.
Protective case protects your camera, which the camera generally comes with the casing. Zoomsters will carry your cam with lens intact. There is no need to dismount your camera because this bag will handle your equipment without causing damage. Pouches are more for protecting the lens. You can carry a variety of lens in this pouch without worrying about damage coming to the property.
Lens accessories include the lens hood, converters, and masks. The masks fit around the lens and work like a pair of binoculars. The masks are not really important, however, it is an option if you want to take it and run. Lens hoods are essential accessories. These hoods will shield your images, preventing reduction and contrasting damage. This thingy fits around the lens and will protect it against faulty lighting. The converters enable you to take pictures at long-distance or short-distance or at wide angles and so on. If you are out for the pictures of a lifetime then the converter could make it worth your while.
Power accessories are important tools that all photographers consider. Regardless of the level of photography or the level of work you do, accessories come in handy in all areas of digital photography. Cameras are slick little devils, which sometimes slip from your hands; therefore having the right accessories, such as the power SLR grips can save your loads of headaches. Why buy aspirins when you can take care of the problems before they arise.
Choosing the right accessories is a job in itself, however, if you know what you are searching for then the job is less demanding. Therefore, we have outlined a few accessories offered as well as tips as to which accessories are better choices than other accessories are. The tips are in between the lines since it is up to you to decide what the better choice is since no one knows your needs like you do.
Gripping the camera
The power accessories include the SLR power grips, battery packs, battery types, and motor drivers. Power grips are an accessory that grips the camera while giving you an extra handle on things. This can come in handy when you are awkwardly coordinated or trying to handle multitasks.
Battery types are essential since if you are taking pictures and your batteries are low it can interrupt your workflow. The newer batteries for cameras are rechargeable, thus you can charge them overnight and take countless of pictures during the daylight hours, or vice versa.
Packing the Batteries
Battery packs are optional to standard camera batteries. These battery packs can make your journey easier since the packs function on double A batteries and are far more ready than standard batteries used in cameras. It is your choice, whichever power accessory you select, however choosing wisely is choosing the power that will make your camera journey last.
The nicety about having a tripod is that you can use the stand to seat your camera while angling at the scene and bam you have a picture. Cameras, which you can set at a time to shoot a picture, are also handy and work well with tripods. Camera support is another issue, yet it revolves around the same thing. Camera supporters include the Tripods, which can make your camera stand on legs. Some of the pods are versatile which makes your moving shots easier to get to along the journey of shooting photos.
The common tripods used today are the standard, SLR, carbon-fibre and the studio-based pods. Still, this is only a small list. The SLR tripods are widely used by professional photographers and come in a couple different styles. Amateurs often use the standard tripods, yet these pods are handy accessories since they do the job intended while allowing the photographers hands-off to handle other tasks. The carbon- fibre is often used by those travelling while shooting photos.
Overall, when considering tripods make sure you consider what you need to handle your jobs as well as the size of your camera. If your camera is bulky and larger than the common smaller cameras be sure to consider the carbon-fibre. If you are operating studio using large equipment, you will need to consider the studio-based tripods, since these are designed to handle large equipment. For more help on finding accessories that suit your photography needs, consider researching the marketplace, since additional information is available to you. You never know, researching could land you the deals of a lifetime while helping you to see more into the details of the camera and studio accessories.
Digital photography is a huge job, and at what time it comes to doing the job right you want to make sure you have all the equipment you need, including accessories. Some of the accessories to consider are the heads, spirit levels, feet, monopods, leg sections, quick-release plates, centre columns, an anatomy of pods, beanbags, leg locks, suction claims, and so on. While all these accessories relate to a tripod, its importance is still relevant to digital photography.
First, realize that the anatomy of tripods is the decision in selecting the correct tripod that is suitable for your needs. The marketplace has a variety of tripods to choose from, however, if you do not purchase the choice pod, it will all be in vain. Some of the selections were mentioned earlier, however, to give you an idea of the type of tripods to consider, we will provide a sort of checklist. Some of the tripods include the SLR, Carbon-Fibre, Standard Tripods, and the Studio-based pods. Most tripods include heads, feet, legs locks, quick releases, columns and so on, as we mentioned earlier.
Heads are supporters of cameras that differ from tripods, yet the function is connected directly to a tripod. The heads come in a few different styles, including the three-ways, sockets, tilt, pan, or bails. The heads on a tripod are important since if you don’t have the right head you might find yourself in a struggle. Understand that not all tripods have heads.
You will need a combination of feet while considering a tripod, since walking on one leg sometimes will cause you to trip. Some of the tripod feet types include the spiked feet, rubber and plastic. Understanding the feet is important since if you select the spike feet and use it on wood floors you might find yourself depressed at what time you need to re-varnish those floors for your boss, or whoever hired you to do the job. Plastic and rubber feet are said to work best in areas where you need to grip to snap a picture. Spike’s feet are great for snapping photos in the great outdoors. The trick is finding a combo of feet to work with.
These plates are ideal for camera operators who want a quick detachment and removal of the camera.
Leg locks are a preference camera operators decide on while trying out the types of locks. Some of the leg locks twist while others are hinged.
This is a leveller so to speak. If you are taking outdoor pictures, specifically of landscapes, this leveller is the product you definitely want to invest in before snapping those pictures.
Leg sections are stable functional tools that will hold up the tripods. Most times, you can purchase 2 to four legs in a pod.
This column will max out the limit a camera will reach during a photo shoot. Few tripods have removable columns. Beanbags fit or screw into a camera’s base enabling the photographer to have a firmer grip on the camera. Monopods are generally used by sports travellers or photographers since this pod has only one leg to stand on. The ideal is gripping the leg in the palm of your hand to manoeuvre the camera. Suction clamps are more an accessory for motorsport shooters since they can clamp the camera onto a hard surface while targeting a scene from a remote distance. As we discussed, anatomies of tripods are essential, since you want the right device while taking pictures. This is especially true if you are in the photography business.
Studio lighting requires complete control on the photographer’s part. If the lighting is off the cameras will flash pictures likely that will disappoint the photographer. The best said took kit in a studio is the flash outfits for studios. The systems are versatile and provide the photographer with the control he needs to get the job done right. The flash system includes slave cells, carry handles, ventilation, audible beeps, power sockets, sync lead sockets, accessory lock rings, model lights, flash tubes, flash output, model lamps, and so on. The slave cells fire up the flashes on a single meter while connected to a camera. Once the trigger is hit, the cells kick into the slave for other cells on the heads, which distinguishes the flashes outputs. The ventilation heads are what generates the heat. Like a computer fan, the heat is modulated so that it won’t blow up. Likewise, if you cover the fan on a computer it will cause harm to the ventilation processing, therefore keep these slots free and exposed to air.
The carry handles regulate the heads. You can use the handles to monitor overheat exposure or move the device. Audible beeps alert you at what time the device is recharged. The sync lead sockets are what links the flash heads to meters or cameras in a studio. Flash outputs have a sliding switch, which permits the photographer to control the output of the flash. It has limits which the photographer must select the mode of choice. Some of the lighting kits have automatic settings for mode selection. Modelling lamps connect the output to flash control-defining accuracy as it links to the output sliders. The modelling lights are a bulb that enables the photographer to adjust the light. Flash tubes trigger light through a shutter, which regulates light. Accessory locking rings attach reflector dishes or softboxes. The power sockets attach from the central power to the flash heads.
The studios have a variety of lighting modes. Some of these modes include mono-bloc, power pack, tungsten, portable studio flash, and so forth. Some of the accessories include reflectors, soft-box, umbrella, and snoot. Again, these accessories and kits make a difference, since if the lighting is not adjusted accordingly, the pictures will turn out faulty. There isn’t a photographer in the world that likes to deliver flaky pictures.
Anyway, the lighting in studios, such as the mono-bloc are headed on flash that power and control light. This type of light is often used by amateurs. The power packs have recycling capabilities since it functions like a generator. Expert photographers often use these types of light accessories. Tungsten, unlike the power-back, offers ongoing lighting to a studio. The light is controlled by heat as well as other elements, which puts the photographer in a hot position. The portable flash requires rechargeable batteries, yet is similar to the power pack lighting systems.
As for the accessories, each has its own place in a studio. The reflectors, for example, are similar to a satellite dish, yet it directs the light toward the scene. The umbrellas again are similar to umbrellas, yet the purpose is to tone the pictures. You have to read more into the coloured umbrellas to understand the tones it will achieve. The soft-box is a diffusing lighting system, while the snoot is highlighted utilized secondary to the main lights. Okay, now we have touched down on studio lighting kits, lighting, and accessories. If you are ready to hook up your studio, be advised that you will need a deeper understanding of these tools available to photographers if you are just starting out in the industry.
Assuming you are going pro, we will discuss flashguns, which is often what the pros will use in their photography business. Flashguns have multi-functions that focus mainly on lighting. Many times the lighting is off a camera will deliver a flimsy picture. Photographers focus on to deliver high-quality pictures to the community, especially those specialising in digital photography. Most times the photographers are up to par on lighting, focus, angle, pixel, resolution, and the likes. Sometimes, however, no matter how up to par they are the lighting just will not do what it is supposed to do. This is when a flashgun comes in handy.
A flashgun includes functions. Those functions have a specific mission to accomplish. The functions may include test buttons, hot-shoe mounts, control buttons, flash heads, diffuser panel, LCD, ready lamp, and focus assistance lamps. When lens versus camera is working the flashguns, makes light available to zoom in on the scene with better odds of quality pictures arriving. Flashguns has a shutter, which if you press on the shutter it will release a trigger that produces gases that promote lighting. The functions work in various ways, but for the most part, each will deliver a form of light the camera or lens may not see.
The flash heads
The flash heads are optimised, i.e. they will work with particular lenses. While the swivelling from each side either lowers or rises until a flash bounces out of the lens. The zoom focus is often around 28-80mm.
The diffusers panel is more for taking photos at a shorter distance. You can pull down on the panel to diffuse light appropriate for the shot.
Focus Assist Lamps
The focus assist lamps are not necessarily available with all flashguns. But the ones that have such features include an AF Assister lamp, which once it is activated it will lower the lighting in an effort to project patterns in a beam which assists in automatically focuses on the target. It locks in on the target in other words.
The hot-shoe mount is what the camera attaches to, and its purpose is to use metal communications to transmit data through an electronic form, i.e. it communicates with the cameras flash to target the subject.
The Control Buttons
The control buttons are obvious. You can set the modes of flash, which will come into view on LCD format and this enables you to use the flashgun and camera with fewer distractions.
This is the settings information dialogue.
The ready lamp is an indicator light that flashes when the device is ready for usage.
Testing one, two, and three: You can press down on the button and test your flashes exposure level easily with this function, or else use the flashgun without the camera. The modes of flashguns vary. The flashguns may offer automatic flash, red-eye reduction, and fill-in, and slow sync, force-off, flash comp, second-curtain sync, and so forth.
The automatic modes will allow you to sit back and allow the gun to work. If the lighting is sufficient the gun will sit back and let the camera do the work, however, if the lighting is too low it will automatically kick in and adjust the lighting before you snap a shot. This is the mode photographers employ commonly. The Red-eye reduction is a function that reduces the amount of red in a picture. The slow sync is a synchronising feature that adjusts the shots so that you can capture background. For additional understanding of flashguns and what these handy devices can do to enhance, your career read up on the different models.
Digital Imaging Photography Darkroom and What it holds
What’s in a darkroom? How does a darkroom present quality images and photos? Well, first darkrooms are basically replaced now by scanners, printers; computers, and software programs, however, darkrooms have the equipment. Some of the equipment includes chemicals, safelights, easels, paper trays, enlargers, thermometers, tongs, focus magnifiers, measuring cylinders, timers, and the like. Darkrooms regardless of digital technology can still deliver quality pictures if the developer knows what he/she is doing. Most darkrooms are around 6 feet in square inches and in a corner of the room is a table that holds merely everything a developer will need to publish a photo.
Most darkrooms demand the least amount of light, and running water, therefore many photographers will employ a home restroom to conduct their developing. The chemical trays are often prearranged in the darkroom so that the photographer or developer can move around the area with little hassle. To achieve the mission, the developer will employ the listed items that are found in photography darkrooms, using them in order, which is not provided in this article. Let’s review:
No, I didn’t say weasels. Easels are employed during exposure, which the tools hold the prints in place, flat on a surface.
Safelights often have orange or red light bulbs and produce the least amount of light. Rather the safelights conform to the level of light the paper and print require. This protects the sensitivity of the photos in the making.
Timers are like oven timers. The photos demand a specific time to start and finish the copies; therefore, the timer watch is set accordingly.
Enlargers are a lamp in a box. The lamp beams sufficient light onto the film, and then to a base are by using a lens. You can get enlargers in colour or in black and white. The colourful enlargers are the better choice.
Is what the developer will use to add chemicals for producing photos? The photos are dipped into the chemicals and what you are on your way to creating a quality image.
Thermometers keep the chemicals in check since if the temperature is not according to developing demands, the pictures will not take properly.
Of course, these tools zoom in on the picture to make sure everything is in working order while the picture is held down flatly on the surface by the easels. This is like the Zoom features on your computers or in software programs.
This picks up the pictures, since if you get too much of the chemicals on your skin, you may get fried like bacon.
This tool measures the chemicals dilution levels.
You have three times of chemicals in a darkroom, which includes crystal silver, stop- bath, and fixer. Each area has its own purpose, yet you must use all three chemicals respectively, otherwise, your pictures will meet the day of doom. This is sort of like ink in a printer, if the inks dot more than a sufficiency for printing, the photos will appear with low quality. You also want to consider the types of developers on the market, since these will help you to accomplish a higher quality in photos. Before you open up a darkroom, make sure you understand all that is required to make pictures work. You can find valuable information at your local library or over the Internet. Having it together before getting started is ideal for any one thing you will ever do in life. Remember, however, as you start you are growing and learning, so take each mistake in stride.